Enrico Ronchi - Department of Fire Safety Engineering, Lund University
Evacuation models used in fire safety engineering have largely expanded their capabilities over the last decades. They started as simple computational tools in which people movement equations were implemented in discrete spaces, while they now often allow the simulation of complex behaviours and decision making through advanced agent-based simulation techniques in three-dimensional environments. While the progress of evacuation modelling techniques appears evident comparing their capabilities over the years, there are still quite a few areas in which there is room for significant improvements.
This paper wants to open a discussion on a research roadmap for evacuation models used in fire safety engineering. In other words, this paper explores what features need to be possibly implemented, improved, or expanded in existing evacuation models for fire safety engineering applications. This considers both improvements based on existing knowledge in the evacuation research field as well as possible future research directions.
Five areas of development concerning evacuation modelling are here discussed, namely:
- Factors affecting people movement
- Route choice modelling
- Behavioural uncertainty
- Integration with other models
- Validation methods