FEMTC 2018

Natural Ventilation of a Short Road Tunnel

Katie McQuade-Jones - WSP USA

Abstract

For a road tunnel with a length around 305 m long or shorter, there is a question as to whether mechanical ventilation is necessary To use natural ventilation, an engineering analysis must be conducted that demonstrates equivalency of life safety outcomes with mechanical ventilation FDS+EVAC is used to quantify this equivalency of life safety outcomes for a short tunnel The analysis accounts for toxic and irritant gas species impacts on evacuating occupants, as well as thermal impacts The outcome is an FDS+EVAC analysis using FED and FIC, which provides a quantitative basis for the eventual code compliant (NFPA 502) solution.

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