FEMTC 2022

Evacuation In Terms Of Reduced Gravity

Szymon Matkowski - Nexus Aurora Project

Abstract

METHODS FOR SIMULATING CROWD MOVEMENTS IN LOW GRAVITY ENVIRONMENTS FOR SAFE EMERGENCY EGRESS DESIGN

With the advent of multiple colonization programs, located off earth and in low gravity environments, there is a need to focus on safety procedures and standards in the habitable spaces.

As living hubs and habitable spaces get larger the complexity of layout and necessary systems becomes greater. Contemporary knowledge shows the more people in an environment without fully prescribed behavior, the higher the required complexity of the habitat and the more redundant safety systems there must be. Emergency systems for egress of 10 people significantly differ from those for 50 people.

Safety of the people is a top technical priority in every enclosed habitat under any environmental conditions. It follows therefore, the design of a base, colony or even a city in orbit or on a planetary surface complies with this principle.

The project is going to develop in two major directions:

  • Explore crowd formation and movement in terms of changeable locomotion conditions (and collision avoidance) in terms of reduced gravity.
  • Explore different base sizes to seek for differences between safety guidelines and safety measures.

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